Quote from the section 3, part I of Justice – What is the right thing to do.
Taxation = Taking of Earnings
Taking of Earnings = Forced Labor
Forced Labor = Slavery (You are not longer the 100% owner of your own life – taxation means the state is a part owner, or a share holder of you).
Slavery = Against Principle of Self possession (we are the owner of the individual person – wholly)
Even laws to prevent us from hurting ourselves (like helm requirement and safe belt laws) are unjustified.
Fire Fighter’s Case
The example of the Arkansas Fire Corporation is interesting and inspiring – they only put off fire of the houses of its yearly subscriber, or only to make sure the fire does not spread to its subscribers. They get to the house with full equipment of a non-subscriber, and see the house to burn before them, only to make sure it does not hurt its subscriber’s house. The CEO said, he has no any choice to break the rule.
It reminds me that only a society where strange things happens everyday, is a society that has self-improving internal driven force.
Needing something is different than deserving something.
Need is one thing, and deserve is another.
Even for victims of earthquake, they need house, they need food, but they don’t deserve it. Ops. Seems very wrong.
The next question: Is it justified for the father to steal bread for his starving children? Is it justified to rob a store of drugs, to save his child’s life?
How about “use persons” for the aggregated sum of happiness of others?
If I am the 100% of owner of myself, do I have the right to give this ownership to another person? To become a slavery? Can one gives UP his natural right, like life, and property?
John Locke thinks the rights that naturally comes with human kind is unalienable, just like non-transferable air-line tickets. It is just for this person and cannot be transferred to another. It in one sense, makes the right less “owned”, but in another sense, make it more profound.
John Locke says, we are the owner of our labor, so the fruit of the labor is the private property, so does anything that is mixed, or joined with the labor. If someone enclose a land from the common, it is his private land. If someone cultivate a land, that is also his private land. Because those things are mixed with his labor.
That implies that we can turn something from unowned to ours with our label.
Human laws is legitimate only when it respect the natural rights of life, liberty and property.